15 Common Yoga Terms for Beginners You Should Know

Have you ever been to a yoga class? Find difficulty understanding the terminology? That is because you might not be familiar with the yoga lingo. The words and phrases used in yoga are extracted from the Sanskrit language because it is the original language of yoga.

Therefore, without getting familiar with the yoga terminologies, it might be challenging for you to step up in yoga practice. To help you along your journey, below are a few of the terms of yoga for beginners in India.

Yoga Terminologies for Beginners

Here are some of the yoga terms you should know:


Yoga means to unite. However, it does not mean the union of yourself with the world. Rather, it helps you to integrate with your divine self. The main motive of yoga is to make you realize your true selves.


According to Sanskrit, Asanas means ‘seat’. In simple words, yoga postures are yoga asanas. The practise of yoga asanas helps you to have the proper control of your body. You can also practice Asanas of yoga for anxiety and Panic attacks.


The life force of energy running through your body is known as Prana. To strengthen your prana, you should focus on breathing patterns and movements.


In the English language, Pranayama translates as breath control. Various types of breathing techniques fall under Pranayama. The proper practice of Pranayama allows the proper flow of Prana. It is one of the most important yoga terms for beginners you should be aware of.


Namaste is the form of greeting used by yoga practitioners to salute. By joining the hands like prayer position, it massages the energy points in your hand. Thus, along with greetings, you can also improve your blood circulation.


Flow yoga is generally referred to as Vinyasa. It is the collection of yoga postures that flows into one another along with the breath. You should practice Vinyasa yoga only after you have mastered Vinyasa yoga.


Drishti is the sight or the focal point during the meditation practices. If you have a strong sight, you can balance your yoga poses for a longer duration. It is one of the most common yoga terms you should be aware of.


According to the Sanskrit language, Mantra translates as the sacred words, phrases, sentences, or sounds that are repeated during the practice of meditation or yoga asanas.


Om is the most sacred mantra in Hinduism or Tibetan Buddhism. According to the Hindu methodology, Om is linked to Lord Shiva, who is one of the aspects of creation and destruction. Therefore, ‘Om is the universal sound of consciousness’.

Surya Namaskar

Surya Namaskar is one of the important yoga terms for beginners. It translates as Sun Salutations. It includes yoga poses that are often practised in the morning or before the yoga session as a warm-up.


Chakras mean the wheels. There are seven chakras in your body. Each Chakra has its importance and role to play. To enjoy balance in your life, the Chakras in your body must be balanced.


Nadis are the pipe-like channels that run throughout your body. There are over 72000 Nadis present in your body. The Prana energy flows through these Nadis. The three primary Nadis are Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna.


Mudra is the hand gestures you do while practising meditation. There are various types of Mudras you can practice for different dimensions of yourself.


In yogic terms, Shanti refers to mental peace. It incorporates in your life various yoga practices. You enjoy mental peace with consistent meditation practice.


In the Sanskrit language, ‘Ha’ means ‘Sun’ and ‘Tha’ means ‘Moon’. Hatha yoga is the style of yoga that forms the basis for most of the yoga styles.

Read More – Yoga Poses

Samadhi is the final stage of meditation practice. After attaining the Samadhi, the sense of desire will be eliminated from your life. Thus, it is one of the crucial yoga terms that you should know about.

The Bottom Line

The most important thing you should know about yoga is, it takes time to show effectiveness. Each session of yoga provides you with something new.

The above yoga terms will help you know more about yoga practice. It also helps in building the connection with the yoga class. However, there are many more terms of yoga that you will learn eventually.

Therefore, keep going and be consistent with your yoga practice.

JENIKIM is a General Blogger & writer who has been extensively writing in the technology field for a few years. He has written several articles which have provided exciting and knowledgeable information. He is a web content writer, and guest blogger, who offers unique and professional content writing services to online business entrepreneurs.

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